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Kindergarten English Language Arts Standards


  • Language
    • command of the conventions and usage when writing or speaking (words written left to right, top to bottom, spaces between words)
  • Reading
    • Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print
    • Read common high-frequency words by sight (such as: the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does)
  • Analysis of Text
    • With prompting and support, students identify the main topic and retell key details of a text
  • Speaking and Listening
    • Students follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and continue a conversation through multiple exchanges


  • Counting and Cardinality
    • Count numbers from 1 to 100, by ones or tens
    • Write numbers from 1 to 20
    • Answer questions about 'how many?'
    • Compare numbers (both objects and written) as greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group
  • Geometry
    • Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres)
    • Describe objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to
    • Identify shapes as two-dimensional (lying in a plane, “flat”) or three-dimensional (“solid”)
    • Model shapes in the world
    • Describe measurable attributes of objects, such as length or weight
  • Number and Operations in Base Ten
    • Work with numbers 11–19 to gain foundations for place value by composing and decomposing numbers from 11 to 19 into tens and ones.
  • Operations and Algebraic Thinking
    • Addition as putting together and subtraction as taking apart/from by using objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations


  • Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems
    • Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.
    • How plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs and their relationships.
    • Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the local environment.
  • Weather and Climate
    • Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.
    • Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time.
    • Ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather.
  • Forces and Interactions
    • Investigate pushes and pulls on the motion of an object.
    • Explore changes to the speed or direction of an object with pushes or a pulls.
  • Engineering Design
    • Ask questions, make observations, and gather information about a situation people want to change to define a simple problem that can be solved through the development of a new or improved object or tool.
    • Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem.
    • Analyze data from tests of two objects designed to solve the same problem to compare the strengths and weaknesses of how each performs.


  • Citizens
    • being a good citizen involves acting in certain ways
    • match simple descriptions of work that people do and the names of related jobs at the school, community, and historical accounts
  • Symbols
    • recognize national and state symbols and icons such as the national and state flags, the bald eagle, and the Statue of Liberty.
  • Geography
    • compare and contrast the locations of people, places, and environments and describe their characteristics
  • Events
    • put events in temporal order using a calendar, placing days, weeks, and months in proper order
    • history relates to events, people, and places of other times